OF THE STARS Autobiography of two Yogis, Ma Indira Devi & Dadaji Sri
Dilip Kumar Roy. more
KUMAR ROY Some Biographical Notes
Born at 203/1/1 Cornwallis Street Calcutta, in a cultured Bengali family at his
maternal uncle's house.
Roy (19.07.1863 - 17.05. 1913). A Dramatist, composer, singer and nationalist
with a degree in agriculture from England. Although his mother was a direct descendent
of Advaita Goswami of Shantipur, a staunch disciple of Sri Chaitanya (Fifteenth-
Sixteenth Centuries A.D.), D.L. Roy himself was a rationalist. During his tenure
as Deputy Magistrate he dared to tell the Lt. Governor of Bengal that he was not
an expert in the laws of land survey. The result? He was never granted promotion
from his post in spite of his proficiency. That he was not altogether dismissed
from service was because of his superior who gave a report that "Mr. Roy
is a monument of industry and ability." While another Englishman told the
Lt. Governor, "I think Mr. Roy is right." Courage and honesty were ingrained
in him. His watchword was truth.
Surabala Devi, daughter of
P.C. Majumdar. She was beautiful like a daughter of heaven, as her name implies.
D.L. Roy loved her so much that he never looked at another woman when his wife
died at the age of twenty-seven on 29th November 1903. He brought up his children,
fulfilling the roles of both mother and father.
Roy (1820-85). Diwan of Krishnanagar. A man of character and extremely honest.
He was also a great musician and composer.
D.L. Roy built Suradham. Sri Dilip Kumar's spiritual quest started in this house.
-Sri Nirmalendu Lahiri,
his cousin and devout follower of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa took him to Sri
'M'- Sri Mahendranath Gupta, who kept a day to day record of Sri Ramakrishna's
sayings, later published as Ramakrishna Kathamrita in Bengali (translated into
English as The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, 1922). Dilip Kumar Roy was deeply fascinated
by Sri Ramakrishna's personality and installed him in his heart as his Guru and
loved him deeply. Sri Dilip Kumar wrote "Faith suddenly descended into me-The
Mother's grace through the soul stirring message of Her beloved son, the great
Messiah Sri Ramakrishna".
Sudden demise of
his father due to apoplexy.
matriculation examination with scholarship. Joined Presidency College. Took up
Science. Met Subhash Chandra Bose. A lasting and intimate friendship developed.
BSc. with First Class Honors in Mathematics.
for England to pursue further studies at Cambridge.Subhash Chandra Bose (Netaji)
joined him subsequently.
Met Romain Rolland in
Switzerland and sang before him, which was met with immense praise.
Part I Mathematical Tripos and Part I Music Special in Cambridge.
impressionable, he took up one line after another; studied LLB to become a barrister,
deposited fees for CA. Meanwhile, Rabindranath Tagore urged him to take up music
as a career. Subhash and Rolland urged him too. Dilip himself wrote, "Rolland
finally persuaded me to direct all my energies to the cultivation of a musical
career". Dilip learnt French, German, Italian and a little Russian.
to Germany to study western music. Presented a lecture at the International Conference
at Lugano, Switzerland. This was attended by world renowned celebrities like Bertrand
Russell, Romain Rolland, Herman Hesse, George Duhamel and others.
President Maserick of Czechoslovakia.
Toured Vienna, Prague, Budapest
and other cities to speak on Indian music and culture, including Sanskrit.
Returned to India and
consequently went on a tour studying Indian music from classical masters like
Abdul Karim, Faiz Khan, Chandan Chaube, Pt. Bhatkande, Gaurishankar Mishra, Surendranath
Majumdar, Hafiz Ali Khan and others.
Wrote a book in Bengali on Indian
music "Bhramyamaner Dina Panjika (Diary of a musical Rover)", which
won him instant fame in Bengal.
very popular as a musician and a composer. Started giving charity concert with
his students at Ram Mohan library hall in Calcutta.
Ronald Nixon, professor at Lucknow University (who later came to be known as Yogi
Sri Krishna Prem, who's Guru was Yashoda Ma). Incidentally it was Sri Krishna
Prem who introduced Sri Dilip Kumar Roy to Sri Aurobindo's mystic ideology and
asked him to read Essays on the Gita. He said every Indian who loves the Gita
should read it, for Sri Aurobindo's commentary breaks new ground and is more inspiring
than any other, thanks to his resplendent yogic intuition.
Met Sri Aurobindo
at Pondicherry, two days after his 27th birthday.
an offer from Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya to hold the chair of music in the Banares
Hindu University, and an invitation to become the director of All India Radio.
Sri Dilip Kumar Roy declined both the offers.
by Edison Company, USA for making the first Long-Playing Disc.
Chandra Bose arranged a grand felicitation programme at Ram Mohan Library, where
Rabindranath Tagore and Saratchandra Chaterjee came to bless him.
Europe giving lectures on music. At Nice, he met two unforgettable personalities,
Madam Calve the famous prima donna- a great devotee of Swami Vivekananda, and
the great Paul Richard who told Sri Dilip Kumar Roy about Sri Aurobindo "I
have not met his peer in the whole world. To me he is the Lord Shiva Incarnate."
This was the final impetus towards Sri Aurobindo. A profound feeling of vairagya
gripped him and he returned to India canceling his onward journey to USA.
Overcoming all his
vacillation, he surrendered to Sri Aurobindo and the Mother. He wrote to Sri Aurobindo-
"I surrender unconditionally to you, all I have and am. You must accept me."
brief visit to Calcutta after nine years. Met Km. Uma Bose who was a musical prodigy
and whom Mahatma Gandhi called 'The Nightingale of Bengal', and the most glorious
chapter of his musical creativity began.
invitation by Calcutta University and the Director of Public Instruction, wrote
a book Geetashree for the university's music syllabus with notations and technical
details of Hindustani Music. Sri Dilip Kumar also wrote Sangitikee, a historical
account of classical and folk music of Northern India. Both books were prescribed
by the University.
Km. Uma Bose passed
away leaving a great vacuum in Bengali music.
Met an extraordinary
lady Smt. Janak Kumari (Later known as Ma Indira Devi) at Jabbalpur.
Also met M.S. Subalakshmi and taught her Meera bhajans. Later on in 1971, M.S.
came to Hari Krishna Mandir to learn songs (mainly Ma Indira Devi's Meera Bhajans
and Sri Dilip Kumar Roy's Bengali songs)
Sri Dilip Kumar's Fiftieth Birthday. Bengal acknowledged the versatility of his
genius- the poet, thinker, novelist, musician and the mystic, all in one. Presented
him a purse for the Pondicherry Ashram and a set of annotated Srimad Bhagvatam.
Sri Dilip Kumar later wrote two masterpieces, Bhagvati Katha and Immortals of
On the Mother's birthday,
Ma Indira Devi came to Pondicherry for darshan. After darshan she went into Bhav
Samadhi in Sri Dilip Kumar's presence, while he was singing. Sri Aurobindo
endorsed it as genuine and wrote that the Samadhi was of Savikalpa
type and she was ready for yoga.
Ultimately, with the blessings of Sri
Aurobindo and the Mother, Sri Dilip Kumar Roy gave Ma Indira Devi initiation.
She stared hearing songs sung by Saint Mirabai in trance, and the songs were documented.
This phenomenon was authenticated by Sri Aurobindo and continued till Ma Indira
Devi left this world.
The sudden demise
of Sri Aurobindo shattered the world of Sri Dilip Kumar.
Sri Dilip Kumar heard
the voice of Saint Mirabai of hallowed memory for the first time himself. He maintained
a diary chronicling his conversations with her, a part of which, the advent of
Mira, has been published in Indiranjali Vol.1. During this time he took
a vow of Akash Vritti, depending completely on the Divine for sustenance.
Sri Dilip Kumar Roy, accompanied
by Ma Indira Devi, went on a world tour as cultural and spiritual ambassadors
of India, sponsored by the Government of India and met a whole host of global
celebrities. The complete account of this tour was written in "Deshe Deshe
Chali Udey", a travelogue in Bengali.
an offer by Sri C.P. Ramaswami Iyer for the post of Arts Director at Annamalai
University, which would have helped Sri Dilip Kumar to tide over his poor financial
position. Instead he went to stay in Pune in a dilapidated bungalow 'Dunlavin
Cottage' of Sri Chunilal Mehta.
Ramdas and Mother Krishna Bai visited Sri Dilip Kumar's Ashram and found both
Sri Dilip Kumar Roy and Ma Indira Devi completely absorbed in intense Sadhana
and blessed them.
Aurobindo wrote in Savitri- A prayer, a master act, a king idea Can
link a man's strength to a transcendent force, Then miracle is made the common
Every word of his came true in this Ashram.
Sri Dilip Kumar Roy
shifted his Ashram to the present premises in Pune.
delivered his famous lecture Parama Sanskriti in Bengali and sang at Tagore's
centenary celebrations at Marquis Square in Calcutta.
most productive and fruitful period of Sri Dilip Kumar Roy's life. The versatility
of his genius flowered during this period and ultimately he attained what he was
seeking all his life- 'Siddhi of his entire Sadhana'. Every facet
of his life was colored by spiritual sensibility and ecstasy.
Kumar was honoured with the titles- a) Sur-Sudhakar from Sanskrit College,
Calcutta b) Fellow of Sangeet Natak Academy c) D.Litt from Calcutta and
Rabindra Bharti Universities
He was made the President of Akhil Banga
Sanskriti Samelan at Chandigarh.
Many saints and celebrities visited his
Ashram including Sri Anandamayee Ma, Srimat Anirvan, Swami Brahmananda of Uttar
Kashi, Mahamahopadhyay Dr. Gopinath Kaviraj, Late President Dr. S Radhakrishnan
and many others.
Sri Dilip Kumar started
hearing the Lord's flute- a rare spiritual attainment. This continued till he
breathed his last on 6th January, 1980.
celebrated the eightieth birthdays of Sri Dilip Kumar Roy (22nd Jan) and of Netaji
Subhash Chandra Bose (23rd Jan). Sri Dilip Kumar himself inaugurated the birthday
celebrations of Netaji. He was felicitated with a book-Varan Malika.
Dilip Kumar delivered three memorial lectures on Sri Aurobindo at Pune University.
He had a vision of
Sri Dilip Kumar fell
He wrote his last
poem-"Antim Prarthana"- Last Prayer with his own hands. One day
he wrote in his diary 'Namah Sri Aurobindaya- Sarva Devamayo Guru'.
Sri Dilip Kumar Roy told Ma Indira
Devi: "Wash my hands. I have to touch the Lord's feet".
great minstrel saint reached the lotus feet of the Lord at 3:40 pm.